Published manuscripts


89. L. GimenoM. VázquezJ. Eiras-BarcaR. SoríM. StojanovicI. AlgarraR. Nieto, A.M. Ramos, A.M. Durán-Quesada, F. Dominguez (2020) Recent progress on the sources of continental precipitation as revealed by moisture transport analysisEarth Science Reviews 201, 103070, 1-25;



88. M. Heydarizad, E. Raeisi, R. SoríL. Gimeno (2019) Developing Meteoric Water Lines for Iran Based on Air Masses and Moisture SourcesWater 11(11), 2359;

87. M.S. Reboita, R. Nieto, R.P. da Rocha, A. Drumond, M. VázquezL. Gimeno (2019) Characterization of Moisture Sources for Austral Seas and Relationship with Sea Ice ConcentrationAtmosphere 10(10), 627; 1-21;

86. M. VázquezI. AlgarraJ. Eiras-Barca, A.M. Ramos, R. NietoL. Gimeno (2019) Atmospheric Rivers over the Arctic: Lagrangian Characterisation of Their Moisture SourcesWater 11(1), 41, 1-14; doi:10.3390/w11010041

85. R. Nieto, D. Ciric, M. Vázquez, M.L.R. Liberato, L. Gimeno (2019) Contribution of the main moisture sources to precipitation during extreme peak precipitation monthsAdvances in Water Resources 131, 1-8;

84. I. AlgarraJ. Eiras-BarcaR. NietoL. Gimeno (2019) Global climatology of nocturnal low-level jets and associated moisture sources and sinksAtmospheric Research 229, 39-59; doi:

83. L. GimenoM. VázquezJ. Eiras-BarcaR. SoríI. AlgarraR. Nieto (2019) Atmospheric moisture transport and the decline in Arctic Sea iceWiley Interdisciplinary Reviews-Climate Change, 1-12 doi:

82. A.P. FerreiraR. NietoL. Gimeno (2019) Completeness of radiosonde humidity observations based on the Integrated Global Radiosonde ArchiveEarth System Science Data 11, 603-627;

81. R. NietoL. Gimeno (2019) A database of optimal integration times for Lagrangian studies of atmospheric moisture sources and sinksScientific Data 6, 1-10;

80. A. DrumondM. Stojanovic, R. Nieto, S.M. Vicente-Serrano, and L. Gimeno (2019) Linking Anomalous Moisture Transport and Drought Episodes in the IPCC Reference RegionsBull. Amer. Meteor. Soc, doi: 

79. R. Garcia-Herrera, J.M. Garrido-Perez, D. Barriopedro, C. Ordóñez, S.M. Vicente-Serrano, R. NietoL. GimenoR. Sorí, P. Yiou (2019) The European 2016/2017 droughtJournal of Climate 32(7),

78. R. SoríR. Nieto, A. Drumond, M. StojanovicL. Gimeno (2019) On the Connection between Atmospheric Moisture Transport and Dry Conditions in Rainfall Climatological Zones of the Niger River BasinWater 11(3), 1-20;

77. L. Gimeno-Sotelo, R. NietoM. Vázquez, L. Gimeno (2019) The role of moisture transport for precipitation in the inter-annual and inter-daily fluctuations of the Arctic sea ice extensionEarth System Dynamics 10, 121-133;

76. M. Heydarizad, E. Raeisi, R. SoríL. Gimeno (2019) An overview of the atmospheric moisture transport effect on stable isotopes (δ18O, δ 2H) and D excess contents of precipitation in IranTheoretical and Applied Climatology, 1-17 doi:

75. I. Algarra, J. Eiras-Barca, Gonzalo Miguez-Macho, R. Nieto,  L. Gimeno (2019) On the assessment of the moisture transport by the Great Plains low-level jetEarth System Dynamics 10, 107-119;

74. P. Ordoñez, R. NietoL. Gimeno, P. Ribera, D. Gallego, C. A. Ochoa-Moya, A. I. Quintanar (2019) Climatological moisture sources for the Western North American Monsoon through a Lagrangian approach: their influence on precipitation intensityEarth System Dynamics 10, 59-72, doi:

73M. VázquezI. Algarra, J. Eiras-Barca, A.M. Ramos, R. NietoL. Gimeno (2019) Atmospheric Rivers over the Arctic: Lagrangian Characterisation of Their Moisture SourcesWater 11(1), 1-14; doi:10.3390/w11010041

72. A.M. Ramos, R.C. Blamey, I. AlgarraR. NietoL. Gimeno, R. Tomé, C. Reason, R.M. Trigo (2019) From Amazonia to southern Africa: atmospheric moisture transport through low-level jets and atmospheric riversAnnals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1436(1), 217-230; doi: 10.1111/nyas.13960 



71. M. Heydarizad, E. Raeisi, R. SoríL. GimenoR. Nieto (2018) The Role of Moisture Sources and Climatic Teleconnections in Northeastern and South-Central Iran’s Hydro-Climatology. Water 10(11), 1-18 doi: 

70. M. Heydarizad, E. Raeisi, R. SoríL. Gimeno (2018) The Identification of Iran’s Moisture Sources Using a Lagrangian Particle Dispersion Model. Atmosphere 9(10), 408;doi:

69. D. CiricR. Nieto, A.M. Ramos, A. Drumond,  L. Gimeno (2018) Contribution of Moisture from Mediterranean Sea to Extreme Precipitation Events over Danube River BasinWater 10(9), 1182; doi: 

68. M. StojanovicA. DrumondR. Nieto,  L. Gimeno (2018) Variations in Moisture Supply from the Mediterranean Sea during Meteorological Drought Episodes over Central EuropeAtmosphere 9, 1-15 doi:10.3390/atmos9070278 

67. S.M. Vicente-Serrano, R. Nieto,  L. Gimeno, C. Azorin-Molina, A. Drumond, A. El Kenawy, F. Domínguez-Castro, M. Tomas-Burguera, M. Peña-Gallardo (2018) Recent changes of relative humidity: regional connections with land and ocean processesEarth System Dynamics 9(2), 915-937;

66. M. StojanovicA. DrumondR. Nieto,  L. Gimeno (2018) Anomalies in Moisture Supply during the 2003 Drought Event in Europe: A Lagrangian AnalysisWater 10(4); doi:10.3390/w10040467 

65. D. CiricR. Nieto, L. LosadaA. Drumond,  L. Gimeno (2018) The Mediterranean Moisture Contribution to Climatological and Extreme Monthly Continental PrecipitationWater 10(4); doi:10.3390/w10040519 

64. L. Gimeno-Sotelo, R. NietoM. Vázquez,  L. Gimeno (2018) A new pattern of the moisture transport for precipitation related to the drastic decline in Arctic sea ice extentEarth System Dynamics 9, 611-625; 

63. R. Sorí, J. Marengo, R. NietoA. DrumondL. Gimeno (2018) The Atmospheric Branch of the Hydrological Cycle over the Negro and Madeira River Basins in the Amazon RegionWater 10(6);

62. M. StojanovicA. DrumondR. Nieto,  L. Gimeno (2018) Variations in Moisture Supply from the Mediterranean Sea during Meteorological Drought Episodes over Central EuropeAtmosphere 9; doi:10.3390/atmos9070278 

61. M. VázquezR. NietoA. Drumond,  L. Gimeno (2018) Moisture transport from the Arctic: a characterization from a Lagrangian perspectiveCuadernos de Investigación Geográfica;

60. I. Hoyos, F. Domínguez, J. Cañón-Barriga, J.A. Martínez, R. Nieto,  L. Gimeno, P.A. Dirmeyer (2018) Moisture origin and transport processes in Colombia, northern South AmericaClimate Dynamics; doi: 10.1007/s00382-017-3653-6

59. Z. Salah, R. NietoA. DrumondL. Gimeno, S. Vicente-Serrano (2018) A Lagrangian analysis of the moisture budget over the Fertile Crescent during two intense drought episodesJournal of Hydrology 560, 382-395;

58. M. StojanovicA. DrumondR. Nieto,  L. Gimeno (2018) Anomalies in Moisture Supply during the 2003 Drought Event in Europe: A Lagrangian AnalysisWater 10(4); doi:10.3390/w10040467



57. M. VázquezR. NietoA. Drumond,  L. Gimeno (2017) Extreme Sea Ice Loss over the Arctic: An Analysis Based on Anomalous Moisture TransportAtmosphere 8(2), 32; doi:10.3390/atmos8020032 

56. R. SoríR. NietoA. DrumondL. Gimeno (2017) The Niger River Basin Moisture Sources: A Lagrangian AnalysisAtmosphere 8(2), 38, doi:10.3390/atmos8020038 

55. A.M. Durán-Quesada,  L. Gimeno, J. Amador (2017) Role of moisture transport for Central American precipitationEarth System Dynamics 8, 147-161, doi:10.5194/esd-8-147-2017 

54. L.F. Gozzo, R.P. da Rocha,  L. GimenoA. Drumond (2017) Climatology and numerical case study of moisture sources associated with subtropical cyclogenesis over the southwestern Atlantic OceanJournal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 122, doi:10.1002/2016JD025764 

53. A. Drumond,  L. Gimeno R. Nieto, R.M. Trigo, S.M. Vicente-Serrano (2017) Drought episodes in the climatological sinks of the Mediterranean moisture source: The role of moisture transportGlobal and Planetary Change, doi: 10.1016/j.gloplacha.2016.12.004

52. R. SoríR. Nieto, S.M. Vicente-Serrano, A. Drumond,  L. Gimeno (2017) A Lagrangian Perspective of the Hydrological Cycle in the Congo River BasinEarth System Dynamics, doi:10.5194/esd-2017-21 

51. D. CiricR. Nieto, A.M. Ramos, A. Drumond,  L. Gimeno (2017) Wet Spells and Associated Moisture Sources Anomalies across Danube River BasinWater 9, 615, doi:10.3390/w9080615 

50. M. StojanovicA. DrumondR. NietoL. Gimeno (2017) Moisture Transport Anomalies over the Danube River Basin during Two Drought Events: A Lagrangian AnalysisAtmosphere 8(10), 193; doi:10.3390/atmos8100193 

49. J. A. Collins, M. Prange, T. Caley, L. Gimeno, B. Beckmann, S. Mulitza, C. Skonieczny, D. Roche, E. Schefuß (2017) Rapid termination of the African Humid Period triggered by northern high-latitude coolingNature Communications 8, doi:10.1038/s41467-017-01454-y 

48. R. SoríR. NietoA. Drumond, S. Vicente-Serrano,  L. Gimeno (2017) The atmospheric branch of the hydrological cycle over the Indus, Ganges, and Brahmaputra river basinsHydrology and Earth System Sciences, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 6379-6399, 2017 




47. L.A. Pampuch, A. DrumondL. Gimeno, T. Ambrizzi (2016) Anomalous patterns of SST and moisture sources in the South Atlantic Ocean associated with dry events in southeastern Brazil, International Journal of Climatology, doi: 10.1002/joc.4679

46. A.M. Ramos, R. Nieto, R. Tomé, L. Gimeno, R.M. Trigo, M.L.R. Liberato, D.A. Lavers (2016) Atmospheric rivers moisture sources from a Lagrangian perspective, Earth System Dynamics, 7, 371-384, doi:10.5194/esd-7-371-2016

45. A. Drumond, E. Taboada, R. NietoL. Gimeno, S.M. Vicente-Serrano, J.I. Lopez-Moreno (2016) A Lagrangian analysis of the present-day sources of moisture for major ice-core sites, Earth System Dynamics, 7, 549-558, doi:10.5194/esd-7-549-2016

44. L. Gimeno, F. Dominguez, R. Nieto, R.M. Trigo, A. Drumond, C. Reason, A.S. Taschetto, A.M. Ramos, R. Kumar, J. Marengo (2016) Major Mechanisms of Atmospheric Moisture Transport and Their Role in Extreme Precipitation Events, Annual Review of Environment and Resources, Vol. 41

43. A. DrumondR. NietoL. Gimeno (2016) A Lagrangian approach for investigating anomalies in the moisture transport during drought episodes, Cuadernos de Investigación Geográfica 42, 113-125, doi: 10.18172/cig.2925

42. M. VázquezR. NietoA. Drumond,  L. Gimeno (2016) Moisture transport into the Arctic: Source-receptor relationships and the roles of atmospheric circulation and evaporation, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 121, doi:10.1002/2016JD025400

41. D.G. Miralles, R. Nieto, N.G. McDowell, W.A. Dorigo, N.E.C Verhoest, Y.Y. Liu, A.J. Teuling, A.J. Dolman, S.P. Good, L. Gimeno (2016) Contribution of water-limited ecoregions to their own supply of rainfall, Environmental Research Letters 11; doi:10.1088/1748-9326/11/12/124007 

40. D. CiricM. StojanovicA. DrumondR. NietoL. Gimeno (2016) Tracking the Origin of Moisture over the Danube River Basin Using a Lagrangian Approach, Atmosphere 7(12), 162; doi:10.3390/atmos7120162

39. A. DrumondL. GimenoR. Nieto, R.M. Trigo, S.M. Vicente-Serrano (2016) Drought episodes in the climatological sinks of the Mediterranean moisture source: The role of moisture transport, Global and Planetary Change, doi: 10.1016/j.gloplacha.2016.12.004




38. R. SoríA. DrumondR. Nieto (2015) Moisture contribution of the Atlantic Warm Pool to precipitation: a Lagrangian analysis, Frontiers in Environmental Science, 3:22. doi: 10.3389/fenvs.2015.00022

37. M. Wegmann, Y. Orsolini, M. VázquezL. GimenoR. Nieto, O. Bulygina, R. Jaiser, D. Handorf, A. Rinke, K. Dethloff, A. Sterin, S. Brönnimann (2015) Arctic moisture source for Eurasian snow cover variations in autumn, Environmental Research Letters, 10 054015

36. A. DrumondL. Gimeno, R. Garcia-Herrera, R. Nieto (2015) Changes in the contribution of moisture from the Mediterranean Basin to the continental precipitation from 1980 onwards: a Lagrangian analysis, Journal of the Black Sea / Mediterranean Environment, Special Issue: 66-69

35. L. GimenoM. VázquezR. Nieto, R.M. Trigo (2015) Atmospheric moisture transport: the bridge between ocean evaporation and Arctic ice melting, Earth System Dynamics, pages: 583-589, vol: 2, doi:10.5194/esd-6-583-2015




34. L. Gimeno (2014) Oceanic sources of continental precipitation, Water Resources Research 50, doi:10.1002/2014WR015477

33. Ramos A.M., Sprenger M., Wernli H., A.M. Durán-Quesada. Lorenzo M. and L. Gimeno (2014) A new circulation type classification based upon Lagrangian air trajectories. Front. Earth Sci. 2:29. doi: 10.3389/feart.2014.00029

32. R. CastilloR. NietoA. DrumondL. Gimeno (2014) The role of the ENSO cycle in the modulation of moisture transport from major oceanic moisture sources, Water Resources Research, DOI: 10.1002/2013WR013900

31. R. CastilloR. NietoA. DrumondL. Gimeno (2014) Estimating the temporal domain when the discount of the net evaporation term affects the resulting net precipitation pattern in the moisture budget using a 3-D Lagrangian approach, PLoS ONE, 9(6), doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0099046

30. R. NietoR. CastilloA. DrumondL. Gimeno (2014) A catalog of moisture sources for continental climatic regions, Water Resources Research, 50, doi:10.1002/2013WR013901

29. R. NietoR. CastilloA. Drumond (2014) The modulation of oceanic moisture transport by the hemispheric annular modes, Frontiers in Earth Science, 2:11. doi: 10.3389/feart.2014.00011

28. A. Drumond, J. Marengo, T. Ambrizzi, R. Nieto, L. Moreira, L. Gimeno (2014) The role of Amazon Basin moisture on the atmospheric branch of the hydrological cycle: a Lagrangian analysis, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, vol. 18, pages 2577-2598, doi:10.5194/hessd-18-2577-2598 




27. L. GimenoR. NietoA. DrumondR. Castillo, R.M. Trigo (2013) Influence of the intensification of the major oceanic moisture sources on continental precipitation, Geophysical Research Letters, 40, 1443-1450, doi:10.1002/grl.50338

26. M. Gómez-Hernández, A. DrumondL. Gimeno, R. Garcia-Herrera (2013) Variability of moisture sources in the Mediterranean region during the period 1980-2000, Water Resources Research, 49(10), 6781-6794, doi:10.1002/wrcr.20538

25. R.M. Trigo, J.A. Añel, D. Barriopedro, R. Garcia-Herrera, L. GimenoR. NietoR. Castillo, M.R. Allen, N. Massey (2013) The record winter drought of 2011-2012 in the Iberian Peninsula, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Soc., 94(9), S41-S45




24. L. GimenoR. NietoA. DrumondA.M. Durán-Quesada (2012) Ocean Evaporation and Precipitation, Enciclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology, Meyers, Robert A. (Ed.). CXXII, 12555 p.

23. A.M. Durán-Quesada, M.S. Reboita, L. Gimeno (2012) Precipitation in tropical America and the associated sources of moisture: a short review, Hydrological Sciences Journal, 57 (4), 1–13, DOI:10.1080/02626667.2012.673723

22. L. Gimeno, A. Stohl, R.M. Trigo, F. Domínguez, K. Yoshimura, L. Yu, A. DrumondA.M. Durán-QuesadaR. Nieto (2012) Oceanic and Terrestrial Sources of Continental Precipitation, Reviews of Geophysics, 50, RG4003, doi:10.1029/2012RG000389

21. M.L.R. Liberato, A.M. Ramos, R.M. Trigo, I.F. Trigo, A.M. Durán-QuesadaR. NietoL. Gimeno (2012) Moisture Sources and Large-Scale Dynamics Associated With a Flash Flood Event, Lagrangian Modeling of the Atmosphere, doi: 10.1029/2012GM001244




20. A. DrumondL. GimenoR. Nieto (2011) On the contribution of the Tropical Western Hemisphere Warm Pool source of moisture to the northern hemisphere precipitation through a lagrangian approach, Journal of Geophysical Research, 116, D00Q04, doi:10.1029/2010JD015397

19. A. DrumondR. NietoL. Gimeno (2011) Sources of moisture for China and their variations during drier and wetter conditions in 2000−2004: a Lagrangian approach, Climate Research, 50, 215–225, 2011 doi: 10.3354/cr01043

18. A. DrumondR. Nieto, E. Hernández, L. Gimeno (2011) A Lagrangian analysis of the variation in moisture sources related to drier and wetter conditions in regions around the Mediterranean Basin, NHESS, Special Issue Understanding dynamics and current developments of climate extremes in the Mediterranean region, 11, 2307–2320; doi:10.5194/nhess-11-2307-2011

17. P. Sousa, R.M. Trigo, P. Aizpurua, R. NietoL. Gimeno, R. Garcia-Herrera (2011) Trends and extremes of drought indices throughout the 20th century in the Mediterranean, NHESS, Special Issue "Understanding dynamics and current developments of climate extremes in the Mediterranean region", 11, 33–51; doi:10.5194/nhess-11-33-2011

16. S.M. Vicente-Serrano, J.I. Lopez-Moreno, A. DrumondL. GimenoR. Nieto, E. Morán-Tejeda, J. Lorenzo-Lacruz, S. Beguería, J. Zabalza (2011) Effects of warming processes on droughts and water resources in the NW Iberian ­Peninsula (1930−2006), Climate Research, 48:203–212

15. A. DrumondR. NietoL. Gimeno, S.M. Vicente-Serrano, J.I. Lopez-Moreno (2011) Characterization of the atmospheric component of the winter hydrological cycle in the Galicia / North Portugal Euroregion: a lagrangian approach, Climate Research, 48: 193-201

14. L. GimenoR. NietoA. DrumondA.M. Durán-Quesada, A. Stohl, H. Sodemann, R.M. Trigo (2011) A Close Look at Oceanic Sources of Continental Precipitation, Eos, 92(23), 193-200

13. M. Gómez-GesteiraL. GimenoM. deCastroM.N. LorenzoI. ÁlvarezR. NietoA.J.C. Crespo, A.M. Ramos, J.J. Taboada, F.E. Santo, D. Barriopedro (2011) The state of climate in NW Iberia, Climate Research, 48:109–144




12. R. NietoA.M. Durán-QuesadaL. Gimeno (2010) Major sources of moisture over Antarctic ice-core sites identified through a Lagrangian approach, Climate Research, 41, 45-49, doi: 10.3354/cr00842

11. A.M. Durán-QuesadaL. Gimeno, J.A. Amador, R. Nieto, (2010) Moisture sources for Central America: Identification of moisture sources using a Lagrangian analysis technique, Journal of Geophysical Research, 15, D05103, doi: 10.1029/2009JD012455

10. A. DrumondR. NietoL. Gimeno, R.M. Trigo, T. Ambrizzi, E. De Souza (2010) A Lagrangian identification of the sources of moisture over Northeastern Brazil during its pre-rainy and rainy seasons, PLoS ONE, 5 (6), e11205

9. R. NietoL. GimenoA. Drumond, E. Hernández (2010) A Lagrangian identification of the main moisture sources and sinks affecting the Mediterranean area, WSEAS Transactions on Environment and Development, 5, vol. 6, 365-374

8. L. GimenoA. DrumondR. Nieto, R.M. Trigo, A. Stohl (2010) On the origin of continental precipitation, Geophysical Research Letters 37, doi: 10.1029/2010GL043712

7. L. GimenoR. Nieto, R.M. Trigo, S. Vicente, J.I. Lopez-Moreno (2010) Where does the Iberian Peninsula moisture come from? An answer based on a Largrangian approach, Journal of Hydrometeorology, doi: 10.1175/2009JHM1182.1




6. A. DrumondR. NietoL. Gimeno, T. Ambrizzi (2008) A Lagrangian identification of major sources of moisture over Central Brazil and La Plata Basin, Journal of Geophysical Research 113, D14128, doi:10.1029/2007JD009547

5. R. Nieto, R.M. Trigo, L. Gimeno (2008) Potential outflows pathways for Iberian atmospheric middle-lived pollution, Open Atmospheric Science Journal 2, 18-22; doi: 10.2174/1874282300802010018

4. R. Nieto, D. Gallego, R.M. Trigo, P. Ribera, L. Gimeno (2008) Dynamic identification of moisture sources in the Orinoco basin in equatorial South America, Hydrological Sciences Journal, 53 (3), 602-617 




3. R. NietoL. Gimeno, D. Gallego, R.M. Trigo (2007) Identification of major sources of moisture and precipitation over Iceland, Meteorologische Zeitschrift, (special issue Weather and Climate of Iceland and the Icelandic Waters) 6(1), 37-44




2. R. NietoL. Gimeno (2006) Atmospheric transport towards the Iberian Peninsula in the range 3-10 days. Sources of middle-lived pollutants and aerosols, The Scientific World Journal 6, 1041-1047; doi:10.1100/tsw.2006.208

1. R. NietoL. Gimeno, R.M. Trigo (2006) A Lagrangian identification of major sources of Sahel moisture, Geophysical Research Letters 33, L18707; doi:10.1029/2006GL027232